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12900 Georgia Avenue Silver Spring, MD 20906

Gum Disease Silver Spring MD

Dr. Dechter and Dr. Moy can diagnose and treat gum disease in Silver spring. They place an emphasis on the importance of gum health in the long term care of your smile.

The gums perform a key role in supporting oral health and also provide an important barrier between harmful bacteria in the mouth and the bloodstream. Healthy gum tissue supports healthy, stable teeth and is a necessary part of keeping your natural oral structure stable throughout your life.

Routine dental care can provide a foundation for maintaining gum health, providing the opportunity for us to screen for the early signs of gum disease. If you catch and treat gum disease early, less invasive treatments can be successful.

Minimizing the incidence of gum disease through routine dental care can greatly reduce the risk of other dental problems and even tooth loss. Gum disease, more specifically periodontitis, is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults today. You can easily prevent it with good oral hygiene.

periodontal therapy in Silver Spring MD

Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease is a progressive disease and has two distinct stages of development. Recognizing the stages of early gum disease is important. This way your dentist can address it before damage occurs to soft tissues and the teeth.

  • Gingivitis.Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. Dentists characterize it by looking for signs of red or swollen gums, bleeding gums, increased sensitivity, or irritation of the soft tissues. These symptoms are often most noticeable during tooth brushing and daily oral hygiene.
  • Periodontitis. This stage affects the gum tissue and also begins to impact the integrity of the teeth. Symptoms can include those of gingivitis as well as changes in the fit of the bite, shifting and loose teeth, changes in the fit of an oral appliance, and deep pockets between the teeth and gums.
  • Advanced Periodontitis: At this stage, there may be bone loss around the teeth which can lead to tooth loss. Treatment for advanced periodontitis includes scaling, root planing, antibiotic therapy, and oral surgery to remove the disease.

We will evaluate the condition of your gums if the signs of gum disease are evident. We can also use advanced digital diagnostics as needed if there is damage that goes beyond the gum line.

Gum Disease Treatment

The goal of periodontal therapy is to reduce the inflammation and pain caused by gum disease, and restore your gum health. Treatment is dependent upon the stage of your gum disease and any damage that you have to your mouth. For patients who may have chronic gum disease due to genetics or a medical condition, we offer personalized care for your needs to help you maintain healthy gums between visits. Treatment for gum disease can include:

Antibacterial Rinse

Using an anti-bacterial rinse is a the most conservative approach to early stage gingivitis. We will suggest it as part of your daily oral hygiene routine to minimize plaque on the teeth and gums. Patients with chronic gum disease may get a prescription as an ongoing treatment.

Scaling and Root Planing

This treatment is a thorough cleaning of all tooth surfaces and along the gum line. Scaling and root planing also removes plaque from deep pockets where it affects exposed tooth roots. The goal is to remove bacteria and allow the gum tissue to begin to heal and regenerate to avoid larger problems with the teeth.

Oral Surgery

For patients with advanced periodontitis we may need to coordinate care with a local oral surgeon. Our trusted oral surgeon can remove or repair damaged gum tissue and set the stage for the healing process. The surgeon will also remove any infected bone tissue. It can be performed under local anesthesia or under general anesthesia. The duration of this procedure can vary from 30 minutes to one hour depending on the extent of removal of infected tissue.

Frequently Asked Questions About Gum Disease

Gum disease is a common condition that affects millions of people. While it is primarily caused by the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth, there are other risk factors. Understanding the signs, causes, and treatment options for gum disease is crucial for treatment it and avoiding it. Here we have gathered some of the most frequently asked questions about gum disease to help you better understand this condition and how to prevent it.

Does pregnancy cause bleeding gums?

The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can often lead to more sensitive soft tissues in the mouth and patients may notice that their gums bleed or seem more sensitive. It is important to visit with us for routine care or to address any new concerns while pregnant to maintain your overall health and wellness.

Is bad breath a sign of gum disease?

Yes. Bad breath, also called halitosis, can be a sign of gum disease. It is often present in patients with periodontitis as bacteria significantly impact the gums.

Can gum disease cause heart problems?

Gum disease can lead to heart problems. People who suffer from gum disease may be more prone to having a heart attack, stroke, or heart disease. This happens when the infection in your gums reaches your bloodstream.

Will I lose my teeth if I have periodontal disease?

Without treatment, periodontal disease may cause issues in soft tissue. It may entirely destroy soft tissue, and will continue to eat away at bones that support your teeth. This may cause your teeth to become loose or fall out.

Can gum tissue grow back?

Gum tissue does now grow back. Once the disease damages your gums, the tissue will not regenerate. Taking better care of your gums may build them up and make them stronger. However, damaged gums cannot regrow.

How is periodontal disease diagnosed?

Your dentist will diagnose gum disease by conduction an examination of your gum, probing to measure pocket depths around the teeth. We will also take X-rays of your mouth to check for bone loss.

Can gum disease affect overall health?

Yes, periodontal disease has been linked to many other health issues since the infection can enter your blood stream and spread. You can develop heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and more if you suffer from gum disease.

Is gum disease reversible?

The early stage of gum disease, known as gingivitis, can be reversed with good oral hygiene and professional treatment. The more advanced stages are not fully reversible, but are simply manageable. This is why it is vital that you seek professional help as soon as you notice any symptoms of gum disease.

Can children get periodontal disease?

It is possible for children to develop gum disease however it is very rare. Gingivitis can also will develop into periodontal disease, a more severe form of gum disease. It is more prevalent is adolescents with poor oral hygiene and other risk factors.

What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontitis?

Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease, characterized by inflammation and bleeding gums. If fail to treat gingivitis, it will progress to periodontitis, which involves damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth.

How often should I see a dentist for periodontal disease?

We recommend that you visit the dentist every six months for a regular dental check-up. However, if you have a severe case of periodontal disease, you will require more frequent dentist appointments.

Is periodontal disease contagious?

Gum disease is not contagious. However the bacteria that causes it can be transmitted through saliva. We advise that you avoid sharing utensils or kissing if you have gingivitis or periodontal disease.

What is scaling and root planing?

Scaling and root planing is a deep cleaning, non-surgical procedure that clean plaque and tartar from the teeth. It also removes it from below the gum lines. The scaling poriton of the treatment will smooth the tooth roots which aids in the gums reattaching the gums reattach to the teeth.

How can I prevent periodontal disease?

Good oral hygiene habits like brushing twice a day, flossing daily, using mouthwash, eating a balanced diet, quitting smoking, and regular dental check-ups are key to preventing gum disease.

What are my risk factors for periodontal disease?

Major risk factors include smoking, poor oral hygiene, diabetes, stress, hormonal changes, certain medications, and genetic susceptibility.